The Sugar Cane Plantations  inconjunction wth the Niger State Government in Nigeria is a part to fuel raw-material for the Fuel Ethanol Plant and the Sugar Plant.

The Sugar Plantation spread across _______ hectares of land in Niger State is in close proximity the Fuel Ethanol Plant and the Sugar Plant. All the raw material required for the project is  expected to be cultivated in our own farm land.

About Sugar Cane Plantation

Sugarcane
or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the Old World. They have stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in sugar and measure 2 to 6 meters tall. All of the sugarcane species interbreed, and the major commercial cultivars are complex hybrids.

About 200 countries grow the crop to produce 1,324 million tons (more than six times the amount of sugar beet produced). As of the year 2005, the world's largest producer of sugar cane by far is Brazil. Uses of sugar cane include the production of sugar, Falernum, molasses, rum, soda, and ethanol for fuel. The bagasse that remains after sugarcane crushing may be burned to provide both heat energy, used in the mill, and electricity, which is typically sold to the consumer electricity grid. It may also, because of its high cellulose content, be used as raw material for paper and cardboard, branded as Environmentally friendly as it is made from a by-product of sugar production

Sugarcane cultivation requires a tropical or subtropical climate, with a minimum of 600 mm (24 in) of annual moisture. It is one of the most efficient photosynthesizers in the plant kingdom, able to convert up to 2 percent of incident solar energy into biomass.

Sugarcane is propagated from cuttings, rather than from seeds; although certain types still produce seeds, modern methods of stem cuttings have become the most common method of reproduction. Each cutting must contain at least one bud, and the cuttings are usually planted by hand. Once planted, a stand of cane can be harvested several times; after each harvest, the cane sends up new stalks, called ratoons. Usually, each successive harvest gives a smaller yield, and eventually the declining yields justify replanting.

Sugarcane is harvested by hand or mechanically. Hand harvesting accounts for more than half of the world's production, and is especially dominant in the developing world. When harvested by hand, the field is first set on fire. The fire spreads rapidly, burning away dry dead leaves, and killing any venomous snakes hiding in the crop, but leaving the water-rich stalks and roots unharmed. With Cane knifes or Machetes, harvesters then cut the standing cane just above the ground. A skilled harvester can cut 500 kg of sugarcane in an hour.

It is very important that sugarcane of the appropriate variety is available to our sugar mill and Ethanol Plant at the appropriate time and in sufficient quantities. Hence, sugarcane harvesting  and development are fundamental to our business. In view of the same, we have a separate department with experienced personnel, who handle sugarcane harvesting and sugarcane development. This enables us to get an estimate of the sugarcane available for crushing and plan our operations accordingly.

Our sugarcane development programme is planned to, inter alia, educate the farmers regarding modern agricultural practices in sugarcane cultivation, supply of seeds, replacement of inferior sugarcane varieties with varieties which are high yielding, have high sucrose content and are early maturing, encourage measures to eliminate diseases and insects/pests in sugarcane,  use fertilisers based on soil testing, contributing for construction and repair of link roads and culverts, maintenance of drainage systems, etc, for the development of infrastructure to promote sugarcane cultivation.

We use information technology for classification and indenting of sugarcane in our sugarcane farming system. Such systems enable us to access details about the land holdings, area under sugarcane cultivation, last few years cultivation  of sugarcane to the factory, etc, which are used to plan sugarcane procurement and sugarcane development. Farmers are advised on sowing of the sugarcane varieties based on details collected by us on land type, soil details, etc.

 

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